Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Health

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Vertigo is a common condition that is found in a majority of people irrespective of age and gender. A spinning sensation and loss of equilibrium, where a person may feel whether he is spinning or the nearby surrounding is spinning, such a condition is termed as vertigo. Living with vertigo is extremely difficult for anyone out there as it hinders the daily chores while making life difficult. Various causes are responsible for sudden bouts of vertigo in a patient. A recent survey reports that BPPV is the most common type of vertigo condition found in a majority of patients. The world appears to blur out if a person is experiencing benign paroxysmal positional vertigo symptoms. Some people may experience sudden strokes of vertigo as soon as they get up in the morning after a long sleep. The symptoms of BPPV may be triggered by rolling over in bed all night, which makes the calcium crystals change its position and you may start feeling dizzy as soon as you get up in the morning. Changing positions quickly, sudden head movements, bending over, etc. are some of the common factors that trigger BPPV symptoms.

BPPV Vertigo is commonly caused due to inflammation, infection or injury in the inner ear. Head injury, prolonged bed rest or any surgery are some of the most common benign paroxysmal positional vertigo causes.

The deposition of calcium crystals in the inner ear leads to BPPV vertigo. Calcium crystals block the vestibular nerve, which is responsible for sending signals from the inner ear to the brain for the body to function properly. The blockage in the vestibular system results in sending unclear messages to the brain which makes the person feel dizzy and lose balance. Treating the condition at the right time helps in preventing the recurring episodes of vertigo. If you are experiencing mild BPPV vertigo, it can be treated well at home by following certain vertigo home remedies. But if the case becomes severe and the condition does not improve after opting for certain home measures, seek medical help immediately. It is advised to consult an expert neurologist to get the best benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treatment. Your doctor will carry out a series of tests to diagnose the underlying cause of vertigo. If you are diagnosed with BPPV, your neurologist will prescribe you with certain medications and suggest certain benign paroxysmal positional vertigo exercises to perform daily to escalate BPPV symptoms. Practicing BPPV treatment exercises regularly for up to two to three weeks helps in easing out the condition while providing great relief.

Let’s have a look at some of the most common signs and symptoms that indicates a person is experiencing BPPV vertigo.

Signs & Symptoms of BPPV

When a person is suffering from BPPV he may suddenly feel off-balance amidst daily chores, which hinders daily activities. It has been noticed that BPPV symptoms are triggered by changes in the position of the head or by rolling over in the bed. You may experience repeated vertigo spells while walking or even driving a car. The vertigo episodes caused due to BPPV usually last for less than a minute and can disappear for some time and can resurface again.

Some of the most common benign paroxysmal positional vertigo symptoms include:

  1. Sudden bouts of dizziness
  2. You may experience a spinning sensation known as vertigo, due to changes in the position of the head.
  3. Loss of balance or disequilibrium
  4. Nausea and Vomiting
  5. Abnormal eye movements known as nystagmus are accompanied with BPPV symptoms.

Negligence to the above-mentioned symptoms may trigger the condition and the case may turn complex. See your doctor as soon as you start observing any of the symptoms to get the right BPPV treatment.

What are the common Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo causes (BPPV causes)?

BPPV Vertigo is majorly associated with the inner ear. The deposition of calcium crystals in the inner ear blocks the vestibular nerve which sends sensory signals to the brain. Inflammation, injury or infection in the inner ear can lead to BPPV.  Apart from inner ear disorders, Head injury, prolonged bed rest, age factor, Ear surgery, etc. are some of the most common benign paroxysmal positional vertigo causes that are found in patients after diagnosing the underlying condition of BPPV. Rolling over in bed, getting up after a long sleep, suddenly bending down or changing the position of the head may trigger BPPV symptoms. As you turn older you are more at risk of developing BPPV vertigo as the parts of the inner ear start to show wear and tear. Vestibular migraines and riding the bikes over rough trails are one such major cause of BPPV vertigo.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treatment

When you are diagnosed with BPPV by undergoing various tests, your doctor will prescribe you with certain BPPV Medications as BPPV treatment. Generally, doctors recommend a dosage of certain antibiotics like Vertin, Stugeron tablets, Stemetil, etc. for three days, if BPPV is caused due to an inner ear infection. He would even recommend practicing Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo exercises to treat the condition. Practicing certain exercises like Epley maneuver, Semont maneuver, Brandt-Daroff exercise regularly for up to three weeks along with medications helps in escalating Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo symptoms.

The Epley maneuver is generally recommended by doctors to patients suffering from BPPV vertigo. It is the simplest and the most commonly used Maneuver to treat BPPV vertigo conditions. Regular practice of Epley Maneuver helps in the repositioning of the calcium crystals present in the inner ear. It is recommended to practice Epley maneuver in the presence of another person as you may feel slightly dizzy just after the completion. Your doctor will guide you about the right techniques and procedures to perform certain maneuvers as they involve the movements of the head and the body. Brandt-Daroff exercise can be practiced by patients suffering from BPPV, it helps in managing the symptoms of BPPV vertigo and prevent it from future occurrence as well. Primary symptoms of BPPV vertigo are treated well with Brand Daroff exercises. Your doctor will recommend you with the right sets of maneuvers depending on the underlying cause. If the case does not resolve with certain vertigo drugs and by practicing various maneuvers, your doctor may recommend you to undergo surgery, which is a very rare case though.

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