When a couple experience miscarriage there main concern is ‘Why?’. Well, there are different reasons for miscarriage and some of them are not in our control. This topic will give you an insight into the various causes of miscarriage and what are the possible risk factors for the same.
Miscarriage is referred to as the loss of fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. Studies have shown that around 50 percent of the pregnancy result in miscarriage. Well, the stats won’t be able to cover the grief, frustration, anger, and loss which it can leave on the women.
When a couple experiences this they often wonder what are the possible reasons they end up in such a situation. It is important to understand that you did not do anything wrong. At times, the reason can be infertility which is creating a problem or some other possible factor. In such cases, the patient has suggested the treatment of IVF to improve conception chances. Given below are some of the top causes of miscarriage.
- Abnormal Uterine or cervix
Around 15% of women have multiple miscarriages due to abnormally shaped uterus. This means the uterus is getting divided due to extra tissues.
If the women faced the miscarriage in the second trimester it is the reason for the weak cervix. After surgery, the cervix muscles are not able to hold the fetus. Whatever the reason is, make sure you seek help from the best gynae in Punjab to get the right treatment plan.
- Chromosomal issue in Fetus
As per stats, around 50% of the miscarriage is the reason for missing or extra chromosome. In simple words, the embryo has some issues genetically.
There is no other factor that influences this which means it occurs on its own.
- Certain health conditions
Some possible health conditions can end up the pregnancy with a miscarriage. Some of the possible conditions are mentioned below:
– Thyroid Disease
– PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
– An autoimmune problem such lupus
– High Blood Pressure
– Heart Disease
– Increased level of Diabetes
Additionally, few medications also create an issue so it is best that you talk to your doctor about what needs to be done.
- Hormonal Imbalance
Hormonal imbalance can also increase the risk of miscarriage. In some cases, there is a problem with the low level of progesterone which creates an issue with the implantation.
In the case of men, they experience a low level of testosterone which affects sperm production.
- Infection or illness
– STIs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.
– Food poisoning
– Listeriosis (bacterial infection)
– Vaginal Infection
– AIDS and HIV
Possible Risk Factors for miscarriage
The biggest factor is the age of both the partners as they increase the risk of chromosomal abnormality.
- If the women are above 35 then miscarriage chances are 20%.
- If the women are below 35 then miscarriage chances are 15%.
- If the women are above 45 then miscarriage chances are 50%
Additional factors are given below:
- Exposure to harmful chemicals
- Physical trauma
- Drug, alcohol, or smoking
Well, doing moderate exercise or eating spicy food does not result in miscarriage. If you are looking for a specialist then consult our doctor to find the right treatment plan.