Bone marrow is the fatty and spongy tissue found inside your bones. The marrow is full of Red Blood Cells or RBC which is essential for the transportation of nutrients and oxygen throughout the body. Sometimes, this marrow has to be transplanted to other parts of the body because of a medical condition wherein the marrow of the other part has been destroyed completely by infection, disease or chemotherapy. The red blood cell of the marrow is very useful for growing fresh blood cells in that part of the body and causing the growth of new marrow as well. The average cost of bone marrow transplant in India varies throughout the country but is an important and effective treatment procedure.
Why is a transplant needed?
A bone marrow transplant is necessary when the stem cells of a particular body part has been damaged. The rich red blood cells present in the marrow are effective in the formation of new blood cells like white and red ones. These cells are necessary for avoiding infection, anemia and bleeding disorders.
Now, the transplant will be necessary when your marrow is not growing normally. This can happen because of cancer treatments like chemotherapy or different kinds of infection and other diseases.
Some of the other reasons for the transplant are as follows:
- People suffering from multiple myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma, need to opt for this treatment irrespective of the bone marrow transplant cost in India. This treatment is important for saving their lives.
- Some people also suffer from a disease called aplastic anemia. In this kind of anemia, the body stops the production of new blood cells. Therefore, unless new cells are created the patient is not likely to survive.
- People suffering from inherited blood disorders like the congenital neutropenia also need
Bone marrow transplant for survival.
Thalassemia is another inherited blood disorder where in bone marrow transplantation is very important because the amount of hemoglobin continuously decreases in this disease. Therefore, unless new blood cells are produced it will not be possible to keep the patient alive.
Complications of bone marrow transmission
Bone marrow transplant is a risky procedure but one with great benefits. Here are some of the risks that the patient can be experiencing:
- Shortness of breath
- Chills and fever
- Blood pressure drop
The problems faced during bone marrow transplant are short lived. During the transplant some factors like the age of the patient the overall health the kind of transplant and the reason why the transplant is being done are very important for the success of the procedure.
For a bone marrow transplant, you will need a donor who genetically matches with the patient. It is not always easy to find the right match between the donor and patient. The recovery from a transplant takes about four months. But an entire year has to be passed before the patient cannot be called completely out of danger and fully recovered. The pace of the recovery depends on certain factors like the condition in which the treatment was being done the amount of chemotherapy or the amount of radiation received as well as the donor match and where the transplantation was performed.